Presbycusis and hyperlipidemia: Is there any link?

Muthanna Medical Journal
Volume 7, Issue 2,  2020 Page 47-57
http://dx.doi.org/10.18081/2410-4590/2020-47-57
Refad Abdul Azeez 1, Ahmed Al Ansary 2, BThenoon Yasin 2
* Correspondence author: aalansary@yahoo.com
1Al Sadar Teaching Hospital/ Basrah, Iraq
2Basrah Teaching Hospital/ Basrah, Iraq
Received 11 September 2020, Accepted 02 November 2020, Available online 15 December 20200

Abstract

Age related hearing loss is one of the most common chronic health conditions affecting the elderly people. With aging, risk of Presbycusis and hyperlipidemia increases. Although most studies do reach some sort of agreement, the evidence supporting a relationship between presbycusis and hyperlipidemia remains questionable. The objective of this study is to determine the association between age related hearing loss and hyperlipidemia and assess the severity of hearing loss in hyperlipidemic patients. This cross sectional analytic study was carried out at ENT Out Patient Clinic at Al Sader teaching Hospital from March 2019 to December 2019. A cross‑sectional study on 52 patients with Hyperlipidemia and 42 non Hyperlipidemic patients was carried out during March 2019 to December 2019. All patients were evaluated for hearing loss by subjecting to pure tone audiometry, blood investigations were done in form of lipid profile, blood sugars, thyroid function test, blood urea and serum creatinine levels. Group A consisted of 22 (42.3%) males and 30 (57.7%) female while group B consisted of 23 (54.8%) male and 19 (45.2%) female individuals. Audiological assessment by PTA was show that the prevalence of presbycusis among hyperlipidemic group more than non hyperlipidemic with significant statistical difference (P value <0.05). Prevalence was 76.9%. In conclusion; there is statistically significant association between presbycusis and hyperlipidemia especially those with hyercholestrolemia.

Keywords: Hyperlipidemia; Hearing loss; Age