Clinical patterns of cerebral palsy with complications and neurodisabilities associated with cerebral palsy

Muthanna Medical Journal
Volume 8, Issue 2,  2021 Page 54-61

Anmar jumaa Ghali*1, Khalid Ayad Al-Majmae , Ahmed Adnan Nabat  

* Correspondence author:
1 Pediatric Neurology – Central Teaching Hospital of Children
Received May 01, 2021; revised July 29, 2021; accepted August 18, 2021; published August 28, 2021
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Cerebral palsy was a primary neuromotor disorder that affects the development of movement, muscular tone and posture due to injury to the developing brain in prenatal, natal, or post-natal period. cp is non progressive disease but it is changeable features with period. The objective of this study is to identify clinical types of cerebral palsy and neuro-disabilities associated with cerebral palsy patient. Data (2019-2020) on 100 children of cerebral palsy in central teaching hospital in Baghdad analysis include clinical patterns of cerebral palsy and topographic classification of spastic cerebral palsy.  also, the complication and neurological disabilities associated with cerebral palsy. In this analysis found most of cerebral palsy patients (84%) were spastic according to topographic classification, (47%) of spastic cerebral palsy was diplegic type. (29%) quadriplegic cerebral palsy and (8%) of hemiplegic cerebral palsy. About neurological complication and disabilities associated with cerebral palsy, (79%) of cerebral palsy patients had speech disturbance. (53%) had epilepsy, (43%) Micro acephaly, (32%) of patients had growth retardation, (29 %) had ocular problems, and (15%) of cerebral palsy patients had mental retardation. In conclusions; the most common type of cerebral palsy was spastic cerebral palsy & according to a topographic classification diplegic spastic cerebral palsy was the most common type of Spastic cerebral palsy. About neurodisabilities associated with cerebral palsy, the most common disabilities were speech disturbance and epilepsy.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy, Spastic cerebral palsy, Speech disturbance, Mental retardation, Epilepsy