Effect of residential environment as an environmental factor on human subfertility in Babylon city

Muthanna Medical Journal

Volume 10, Issue 1,  2023 Page 75-84

Ban Jabir Edan ¹, Zinah hammad ²*, Intidhar Jabir Idan ³, Makki Noori Jawad Ibrahim 

Correspondence author: zinahammad8@gmail.com
¹ Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Babylon, Iraq.
² Collage of Medicine, University of Babylon, Babil, Iraq
³ Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Babylon, Iraq.
4 Mechanical Engineering, Ministry of Education, General Directorate of Vocational Education, Babylon
Received December 30, 2022; revised February 10, 2023; accepted February 20, 2023; published March 21, 2023.
Copyright © 2023 Zinah hammad, et al. This is article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited


The reproductive function has been demonstrated to be touchy to changes in the physical, psychosocial and substance conditions. The potential reproductive hazards of exposure to environmental contaminants, there had evidence for adverse reproductive effects of the physical and psychosocial environments. The aim of this study to determine the links between regional differences as an environmental factor effect on reproductive fertility in Babylon province. The present study involved 121 sub-fertile couples shows that about 43.8 % was lived in a rural area while 56.2% was lived in an urban area. Most of them with primary infertility 64(64%). About the distribution of sub-fertile patients in Babylon province in urban areas, 14.71% of the patient from 60 street followed by Al-askari region (10%). While the distribution of sub-fertile patients in Babylon province in rural areas, 37.74% of the patient from Al-hamza followed by Al-wardia 18(87%). Overall, the present study showed that the prevalence of subfertility was higher among urban inhabitants contrasted with rural one. Field-based examinations ought to be urged to know the weight of barrenness and its outcomes especially in region with a high rate of subfertility.

Keywords: Subfertility, Environmental factors and demographic characteristics, Exposure to environmental contaminants